F4, Visa Petition for Brother and Sister of US Citizen
Green card for brothers and sisters of U.S. citizen
The f4 visa category is one of the family based green cards, also known as permanent resident. A U.S. citizen aged 21 years and above can sponsor their siblings to live and work in the United States as a permanent resident. The f4 visa category also allows spouse and children of Principal applicant/beneficiary to get green card.
Who qualifies as your brother or sister?
Why F4 visa so popular in India, Pakistan, China and other countries?
F4 Visa category is for siblings Brothers and sisters of U.S. Citizens. It reunites Married or unmarried brothers and sisters, in this Category spouse and children (under 21) may immigrate with the principal applicant/ beneficiary. A U.S. Citizen can sponsor for all siblings. The success rate of the F4 Visa is very high. So if we compare with other countries, the United States is the country which provides an opportunity for the brother and sister of a U.S. Citizen to immigrate as permanent residents without any conditions. For example, Australian citizen can sponsor their siblings only if they live in some particular area, and Canada does not offer sibling sponsorship. Thus this is one of the biggest reasons that the F4 Visa is very popular in India, Pakistan, China and other countries.
How long is the F4 visa processing time?
Since the F4 visa has a cap on the number of visas issued each yet, the processing time can be very long. An F4 visa estimated time can range from 12 years to extremes of 22 years, which means that it will take long for you to be able to join your sibling in the U.S.
To know the time taken by USCIS, NVC and U.S. Consulate to process your Visa, check the image below.
How to apply for the f4 visa?
The F4 (brother and sister) immigration and visa application process must start with the U.S citizen petitioning for his or her siblings to join in the U.S. The petition must be approved so that the siblings and their families can start to apply for the F4 visa. The U.S citizen must petition to USCIS by filing Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. The petition must include the sibling as the main person and if the sibling is married and has minor children, it must also list the spouse and the children. This makes it easier for the whole family to get F-4 visas if the petition is approved. The petition is sent through the Department of Homeland Security and is processed within a few months. USCIS will then inform the petitioner whether it was approved or denied. If denied, they will specify the reason and the petitioner can correct the mistakes and send another petition. If the petition is approved, then the documents are sent to the National Visa Center (NVC).
The NVC then sends a package of instructions and documents to the applicants in a foreign country. The documents contain the case number and the invoice ID number. These will be used when the application procedure starts and for the applicants to pay the fees.
However, due to the cap on the number of F4 visas available each year, the applicants cannot start their application process until their priority date is current. What this means is that you can only apply for the F-4 visa when it is your turn in the chronological order of all applications for F4 visas. For example, If there are so many applications that they exceed two years of limits, then your application will be processed in the third year.
Know the steps for green card application under consular processing.
Step 1: Petition at USCIS
Step 2: Petition at National Visa Center, or NVC.
Step 3: Visa Interview
FAQs related to NVC processing:
1. Why i am not getting documentarily qualified?
You become documentarily qualified when NVC approves the applicant’s document submissions on the Consular Electronic Applications Center (CEAC) portal. If the submission is made correctly, you will get a documentarily qualified notification from NVC in the first go. Still, if the documents or information provided to NVC are incorrect, then NVC does not approve your documents and repeatedly asks for the correct records. This delays your case. Every case is different; thus, document submission for each is not the same. An experienced attorney can help you with this.
2. Why NVC removed my child’s name from the case?
If NVC determines that the Child (Derivative Beneficiary) is aged out and not eligible for Visa with the Beneficiary, they may remove the child's name. In some cases, NVC does make the mistake of removing a child's name from the CEAC portal. But if the child is eligible for Visa as per CSPA, then the child be added at the time of the Visa Interview. However, getting this confirmation before appearing for a Visa interview would be best. Click here to check your child's CSPA age.
3. Can I expedite my Case processing at NVC?
Yes, you may expedite case processing at NVC. However, whether the request for expediting should be permitted depends on the reasons for expediting and supporting evidence. Some of the most common reasons for the expedited request are medical conditions or a child getting aged out.
4. Can i pay my NVC fees from my bank account outside of the United States?
No, all payments must be drawn from a U.S. bank in U.S. dollars. NVC cannot accept personal checks or credit card payments.
5. Does my petitioner have to pay affidavit of support fees for every petition he filled?
You must pay the Affidavit of Support fee for each case unless you are petitioning for your spouse and/or child(ren).
6. My petitioner died, and NVC is processing my case. Should I inform NVC? What will happen if I don’t notify NVC and let the case proceed?
It is unfortunate when the Petitioner dies. However, the death of a petitioner or applicant can have severe consequences on the outcome of a visa petition. For example, if the Petitioner dies before the principal applicant has immigrated to the United States, the petition is automatically revoked. Additionally, if you will not notify NVC about the death of the Petitioner, then you will have difficulties at the time of your visa interview at U.S. consulate. Please note that if the Petitioner dies, providing documents from an alternate sponsor on the day of the interview will not reinstate the petition. Therefore, U.S. Consulate must receive notice from DHS stating the petition has been reinstated to proceed with the case.
7. What should I do if I do not have the document NVC ask for?
You must submit a detailed explanation if you cannot obtain the required document. Then, during your visa interview, the consular officer will determine whether you must get the missing paper before a visa can be issued.
How much does the f4 visa cost?
There are various fees that the petitioner and the applicant must pay throughout the application process for the F4 visa. The amounts vary and are set by USCIS, the Department of Homeland Security, and the individual U.S Embassy or Consulate where you are applying. The main categories of fees that must be paid are as follows:
The Family Green Cards are denoted with the prefix F. There are four types of these visas
Since so many families want to reunite in the U.S, the demand for these visas is very high. Because of this, the U.S has made the family visas with limited numbers. This means that these Green Cards have a cap on the number that can be issued each year. If your application exceeds that limit, then you will be processed in the next year depending on when you applied. These visas are then processed in chronological order.
How it will be beneficial for me if I hire an attorney for my case processing.
There could be plethora of issues you may encounter while processing your F4 immigration petition. Let’s discuss the problems which you may face while processing your F4 Visa Petition and how the presence of an attorney in your case can avoid such issues. These issues which we are going to present here have been encountered by many applicants very often and our expert team of attorneys has resolved them efficiently. Based on our experience, you need to know about our finding below:
I-130 Petition for Alien relative not approved: There are many reasons for rejection, but the most common reasons are that you have not filled your form I-130 properly in such situations you will receive a Notice of Action to reject the petition from USCIS or they may send you a Request for Evidence that requests additional paperwork. In both the conditions you will face delay. Thus, it is very important that you prepare your I-130 petition correctly and submit all required documents properly or you may hire an attorney to do this for you in order to avoid rejection or delay.
Is your petition stuck with USCIS: Sometimes you must be wondering that why is USCIS taking so long to process your petition? You don’t know the answer and not even getting a proper response from the USCIS. One of the reasons for this could be that your I-130 petition is stuck the USCIS field office. What to do in such situation? When you hire an immigration attorney then it is his or her responsibility to keep a proper follow up in regard to your case with all the immigration government bodies. Hiring an attorney for your case avoids such issues, as it is their day to day work to keep periodic updates about the petitions of their clients.
DS 260 wrongly filled: Filling DS 260- Immigrant Visa form is one of the most important tasks of the process. There could be some serious consequences if your DS 260 is wrongly filled. It has been seen at the time of Interview. it can also lead to visa denial as well. We highly recommend every applicant to fill DS 260 only under the assistance of an experienced attorney or accredited representative. You can hire our team of F4 India to fill your Immigrant Visa form and process other formalities (like submitting supporting documents) on your behalf, as we have filed end number of DS 260 immigrant visa forms worldwide which have been accepted by National Visa Centre without any hassle.
Unnecessary delays: There could be many reasons for unnecessary delays in your case, here we are presenting the most common but important aspects which can be responsible for the delay of your case.
Invalid document notification: Sometimes you receive notification that your documents are not valid. Such situations unnecessarily delay your case. You can avoid such situations by hiring our team. Our attorney provides complete assistance in gathering valid supporting documents, proof of evidence and also prepare Affidavit of Support.
Doubt on sponsor's financial eligibility: Some times after submitting all the documents you come to know that your only sponsor is not enough to support you financially, and thus you need to add a joint sponsor or a household member. This also delays your case. If you have an attorney for your case then he or she will guide you to arrange and add joint sponsor or household member as per required in the beginning itself. We at F4 India conduct a complete analysis of your petition, check the finical eligibility of your sponsor and guide you with the best possible options to adopt in order to process your case smoothly.
Case under administrative processing: Administrative processing may take several months before completing the procedure and issuing a visa. There are possibilities that your visa could be rejected after administrative processing. After doing the administrative processing or review of additional submitted documents, your visa may be refused for a variety of reasons. Having an attorney for your case saves you from this big hassle which could be very frustrating for you.
Why F4 India is the best US Immigration Service Provider
We at F4 India, are committed to provide each client with prosperous results by considering all appropriate and resourceful choices. We tend to take personal pride in the quality of our work and our attention to details. Our Immigration Law firm has been ranked one of the best US Immigration Law Firm in India. Contact us today to book your consultation. You can also complete our inquiry form and we will contact you with the next available date. Our client’s satisfaction is paramount.