Family Based Green Card Petitions

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F4 India Handling Family Based Green Card Petitions With Confidence

F4 India handling family based green card petitions with Confidence. F4 India has wide experience in handling family based green card petitions. Immigration Attorneys at F4 India help you realize your aspirations through our extensive experience and professionally managed and integrated services. These services would help you throughout the green card processing time.

Our initial phase in working with new clients is to arrange a free consultation with case assessments. The motivation behind our underlying consultation and assessments is for our Attorneys & Advisors to review the details of your case details so that our team can understand your personal and immigration history and other points of review that are lawfully relevant under U.S immigration. At the conclusion of the assessment our advisors will offer personalized lawful advise regarding the immigration strategies and important procedures that might be helpful to you.We are the best us immmigration attorneys in punjab.

What Is The Family Based Preference Categories?

The Family Based Preference Categories are a way in which the U.S. Government assigns preferences in immigrant visa numbers processing to different types of family members who don't fall into the category of immediate relatives

The United States allows 226,000 visas per year to aliens who fall into the family preference categories and assigns a certain number to each type of relationship. Preference is assigned in the following order along with the approximate immigrant visa number waiting period:

  • Adult children of the U.S Citizens, who are unmarried (3-4 years)

  • Spouses, minor children, and unmarried adult children of LPRS (5-9 years)

  • Married children of US citizens (7-9 years)

  • Siblings of U.S. citizens (14 - 22 years)

Waiting periods also depend upon the country of origin of the aliens.

For more updated information on waiting periods, go to

Current Average Waiting Period

Types of Preference Relative

Preference Category

Average Wait

Adult,unmarried children of U.S. citizen

First Preference

Seven years; but 23 years for citizen of Mexico and 11 years citizen of the Philippines.

Spouses or children permanent residence

Second Preference

Currently no wait in category 2A for minor children, but in the past it's typically been in anywhere from two to 22 years ,depending on country of origin, in category 2B for unmarried children over 21,the average wait the six years form most countries ,22 years for citizens of Mexico and 11 years for citizen of the Philippines

Married Children of U.S. citizens

Third Preference

thirteen years for people from most Countries but 24 years for citizen of Mexico and 21 years for citizen of the Philippines

Brothers and sisters of the U.S. citizens

Fourth Preference

Fourteen years for people form most Countries, but 16 years for citizens of India, 22 years for citizen of Mexico, and 21 years for citizens of the Philippines

Although these waiting periods are not set in the stone,it's been true for citizen of Mexico and 21 years for citizens Of the Philippines

When a petitioner files for a green card for the family member falling under family preference category, they should be ready for the waiting period. Since, number of green cards to be issued under this category is restricted, there are huge number of pending cases at any time.

As stated earlier, in case a petitioner files for foreign family immigration the success or chances of obtaining the green card will largely depend on the type of relation the family member hold with the petitioner and the categories he/she falls into.


Since US limits the number of green cards to be issued under family preference categories, petitioner should be ready for long waiting periods as restriction on number of visas every year and long lists of requests make the process time consuming and uncertain to some extent. There are some other reasons as well which delay your petition during the time of its processing at different stages, reasons like , missing supporting documents or evidence, wrongly filled I-130 petition, Your case file being stucked at any USCIS field office or your case file got lost while transferring the case by USCIS from one division to other , there are many such reasons. All these reasons are very well known by an experienced immigration attorney, and if you have hired an immigration attorney for your green card petition processing then there are higher chances that you will prevent your petition from getting unnecessary delays in processing.

Who Is Eligible For Family Reunion?

In order for a person living in the United States to sponsor a family member who would like to come to the United States to live and work, the sponsor must be:

Be a United States citizen, or Be a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) Prove that he/she can support his/her relative at 125% of the poverty line (e.g. file an affidavit of support AOS -864

In order for a foreign national to be sponsored by someone who meets the above qualifications, the foreign national must not be ineligible for immigration (see WARNING on the back) and be one of the following in relation to the sponsor:

  1. A spouse of a U.S. citizen

  2. An unmarried minor child of a U.S. citizen

  3. A parent of a U.S. citizen

  4. An adult (married or unmarried) child of a U.S. citizen sponsor

  5. A sibling of a U.S. citizen sponsor

  6. A sponsor of an LPR

  7. An unmarried child (adult or minor) of an LPR

The person that fall into the categories under numbers 1, 2, and 3 given above are considered immediate relatives of the sponsor. The applicants that under the family preference Categories, fall into the categories under numbers 4,5,6, and are considered.

Who can Sponsor Who

Who You Are

Immigration You Can Petition

The Immigrant Category

U.S. Citizen age 21 or older


Immediate relative

U.S. citizen (at least age 18,for financial sponsorship purpose )


Immediate relative

U.S. Citizen (at least age 18,for financial sponsorship purposes)

Minor,unmarried children

Immediate relative

U.S citizen

Married Children or adult children

Preference relative(1st or 3rd preference)

U.S. citizen age 21 or older

Brothers and sisters

Preference relative(4th preference)

U.S. permanent resident

Brothers and sisters

Preference relative(4th preference)

U.S permanent resident


Preference relative (2nd preference)

  1. The sponsor must fill out an immigrant visa petition (1-130 Petition for Alien Relative) for the foreign national, which must subsequently be approved by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS),

  2. The Department of State will then determine if an immigrant visa number is available to the foreign national (based on relationship to sponsor, preference Categories, and waiting list) Immediate relatives
    of the U.S. citizens need not to wait for an immigrant visa number. One is immediately available to them.

  3. Once an immigrant visa number becomes available, the Department of State's National Visa Centre will notify the sponsor, and the foreign national may then, if eligible, apply for an immigrant visa number

  4. If the foreign national is in the United States when the visa number becomes available, he/she may be able to apply to change his/her status to that of an LPR from within the United States If the foreign national is outside of the United States, he/she must go to the U.S. Consulate near his place to complete the processing.

Screening Process for Foreign Nationals

A foreign national who is applying for an immigrant visa number will be required to provide the following:

Information about past criminal activities All places of residence and employment over the past five years Information about parents, spouse, and children , Copy of his/her birth certificate fingerprints, a medical examination

If the foreign national is in the United States during this process, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services will perform the screening. If the foreign national is outside the United States, a State Department Consular Office in his/her area will perform the screening.

Other Information About Applying for LPR Status

Q: Can I work while my application is pending?

If you are an immediate relative filing for adjustment status in the U.S. you may be eligible for work authorization while your application is pending

Q: Can I travel outside of the country while my application is pending?

In order to travel outside of the country while your i-485 form is being processed, you need to get a travel document (USCIS Form 1-131. Application for Travel Document in order to be able to re-enter the United States,


Admissibility Issues for Foreign Nationals in order to protect people residing in the U.S.Certain people won’t get the visas to enter in the U.S. This includes people who have certain diseases such as tuberculosis, mental disorders, Drug addicts and have committed serious crimes, or are terrorists or other undesirables

High Success Rate

The major objective of our Immigration firm is to make the most of our experience, skills, and technological resources and to retain our high success rate of so many years we work hard and work smart and that's why we are best immigration company in worldwide. Our professionalism, updates and accurate approach minimize anxiety of our clients as they feel confident after hiring us.



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